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Diabetes and Diabetic Care: Understanding the Importance of Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels

Since your doctor already broken the news that you have diabetes, then it’s time to make few changes to your lifestyle, and you probably now have to use a blood glucose meter. What are the importance of using a blood glucose monitor? Let us talk about it.

Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting glucose or sugar metabolism, wherein the pancreas is not able to produce insulin as seen in type 1 diabetes, or it cannot produce enough insulin as shown in type 2 diabetes, resulting in inappropriate breakdown of insulin or insulin resistance. Diabetes is a lifetime health condition that requires thorough monitoring, medical management, and healthy lifestyle such as having healthy eating habits, weight loss and increased physical activity. In type 1 diabetes, the patient needs to take insulin injections for life, and for type 2 diabetes, you will be required to eventually have to take oral medication and via insulin injection in some situations.

Diabetes signs and symptoms may not be apparent, not until a patient experiences hyperglycemia or too high blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia or too low blood sugar levels. High levels of blood glucose or hyperglycemia may lead to several complications of diabetes such as myocardial infarction or heart attack, stroke, kidney problems that may require dialysis, eye problems like blindness, erectile dysfunction and problems with blood circulation, which may lead to amputation. Thus, to avoid these complications, patients need to monitor and control their blood glucose levels with the help of a reliable blood glucose monitor to minimize the risk of hyperglycemia. Blood sugar monitoring using a reliable blood glucose meter is a crucial part of diabetes management, allowing patients to study and integrate the impact of different diabetes care measures to control diabetes, such as losing weight, changing diet, doing exercise or any physical activity and medication intake.

There are many types of blood glucose meters available in the market today, ranging from basic models that merely reads blood glucose levels, to more advanced versions, offering various features such as memory for storing information. The cost of blood glucose meter and blood test varies, and insurance companies may not always provide coverage for these, so there are things you must take into consideration before buying your own blood glucose meter, to get your money’s worth. In choosing the best glucose meter for you, you need to consider the cost, your doctor’s suggestion, ease of use, length of time to read and show the result, maintenance, and special features. There are many brands available in the market today, with special features like audio capability for patients with visual impairment, back lit screens to aid low-light visibility, memory to store readings, different handling capabilities such as having a USB meter or strips stored in meters, and ability to test blood ketone levels along with blood glucose levels.