Every organ in the reproductive system has its own functions that need to be taken care of. Let’s find out how to look after it.
The female reproductive system consists of several organs that are designed to perform several functions. The female reproductive system not only functions as a place of conception, but also produces hormones in women to maintain the reproductive cycle.
Female Reproductive Organs
The female reproductive system is divided into two parts, namely the organs that are outside and inside the body. The function of the external reproductive organs is to allow sperm to enter the body and protect the inner reproductive organs from infectious organisms.
The outer female reproductive organs, consisting of:
• Labia majora. Labia majora functions to protect the outer reproductive organs. Labia majora can also be called “big lips”. Labia majora has oil and sweat glands. During puberty, the labia majora is covered with hair.
• Labia minora. Labia minora is located in the labia majora.
• Bartholin’s gland. This gland is located next to the vaginal opening and produces secretion of fluid (mucus).
• Clitoris. Two labia minora meet in the clitoris which is a small and sensitive bulge. The clitoris is covered by a fold of skin called prepuce. The clitoris is a part that is very sensitive to stimulation and can become an erection.
The inner female reproductive organs, consisting of:
• Vagina. The vagina is a channel that connects the lower part of the uterus to the outer organs. This part is also known as the birth canal.
• Uterus. The uterus is a pear-shaped hollow organ and is home to a developing fetus. The uterus is divided into two parts, the lower part of which is connected to the vagina and body of the uterus called the corpus. The corpus is the right one for fetal development.
• Ovary. The ovary is a small oval gland located on both sides of the uterus. Ovaries produce eggs and hormones.
• Fallopian tubes. This organ is a narrow tube that attaches to the upper part of the uterus and functions as a mesh channel of the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Fertilization of the egg by sperm, generally occurs in the fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg will move into the uterus.
How to Maintain the Health of Reproductive Organs
reproductive organs have an important function so that it needs to be done several things to maintain women’s reproductive health.
• Using a contraceptive device
Women’s reproductive health needs to be started by protecting external organs such as sexually transmitted diseases. The use of contraceptives such as condoms can reduce the risk of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. In addition, contraceptives also reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancies.
• Planning for Pregnancy
Pregnancy needs to be planned because it requires physical and mental preparation for the mother so that the fetus develops healthily.
• Regular Health Screening
Performing a reproductive health check can detect the occurrence of serious illness. Regular physical examination also needs to be done to be aware of the rash, lumps and abnormal pain.
• Health Screening During Pregnancy and After Childbirth
Examination during pregnancy is needed to determine the health condition of the mother and fetus. And an examination after delivery is needed to determine the condition of the reproductive system.
• Maintaining Ideal Permanent Weight
Being overweight can affect the process of ovulation and hormone production. Excess weight can also increase moisture in the female organs and can increase the risk of bacterial and fungal infections.
• Consuming Healthy Foods
Healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits, grains, proteins and healthy fats can provide balanced nutrition according to the body’s needs.
• Managing Stress
Stress can be managed in a simple way such as exercising regularly. Or if needed, do counseling with professionals.