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Orthodontist Indianapolis: All About Orthodontics Orthodontics is the treatment of irregularities of teeth and jaws, especially concerning occlusion and alignment. Crooked or improperly aligned teeth and jaw predispose a person to tooth decay and periodontal disease. Because of improperly aligned teeth and jaw, the extra effort add stress on chewing muscles leading to headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. Orthodontic treatment improves appearance, healthier mouth and stronger teeth. The specialist in the field of orthodontics is termed as an orthodontist, specializing in correcting occlusion, bites and improper alignment of teeth. Orthodontists are graduates of four years general dentistry and additional two or more years of education in an approved training program. When it comes to determining if you will benefit from an orthodontic treatment, it is best to consult a dentist or orthodontist. Diagnostic evaluation includes clinical exam, medical history, dental health history, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. The following conditions require orthodontic treatment: overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing and crowding. When the upper front teeth lies to far forward, sticking out over the lower teeth, then it is called “buck teeth” or overbite. An underbite or “bulldog” is when the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward. Crossbite is the term describing the dental condition wherein the upper teeth don’t come down in front of the lower teeth when biting. Open bite is the presence of space between the biting surfaces of the front and side teeth if the back teeth bite together. As the term implies, misplaced midline is the improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth. Gaps are produced by teeth that don’t fill up the mouth or missing teeth leading to spacing. Too many teeth in the dental ridge that cannot be accommodated leads to crowding. There are many types of appliances, categorized into two which are fixed and removable, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. Fixed appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers, whereas removable appliances include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear. Braces are the most common fixed appliances, consisting of bands, wires and brackets. Brackets are used to bond the front tooth, and the bands are fixed around the tooth or teeth and used as anchors for the appliance.
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If you think you need an orthodontic treatment, we are here to help you out. We provide orthodontic services in Indianapolis serving local clients. You may check our website for more details.Case Study: My Experience With Experts