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Women’s Health and Gynecology Gynecology is a specialization of medicine dealing with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system, that includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Modern gynecologist are also obstetrician, because both specializations overlap, wherein obstetrics deals with maternal care involving childbirth. Gynecology involves medical and surgical intervention, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management. Some of the common conditions that gynecologists deal with are infections and cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, and other vaginal diseases. Gynecologists use various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems. Pap smear is one of the most popular gynecological procedure done, that involves the collection of cells from the cervix, to know if it is precancerous or cancerous. Pap smear doesn’t hurt but it might be uncomfortable. Pap test is highly recommended for all women who are sexually active and those over age 18 regardless if they are sexually active or not. Gynecologist advise women to undergo Pap smear at least one every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the uterus and cervix, which is one of the main options for treating cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus or endometrium. There are two types of hysterectomy namely partial and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy usually require two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea pertains to painful cramps experienced before or during menstruation. It is one of the most common gynecological symptom being complained by women. Dysmenorrhea has two types which are primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually occurs on the onset of menstruation that lasts one to three days, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of the reproductive system. A woman’s reproductive system is vast and complex, and only an expert gynecologist can rule out diseases or disorders that cause a particular gynecological symptom. It is important to visit your gynecologist if you are experiencing problems with your reproductive system for you to receive the proper diagnosis, treatment and management. A gynecologist aims to help women preserve health, and find means to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.