Urology is the branch of medical science which deals with diseases and conditions affecting the urinary tract system in men and women. Common symptoms of urology problem include irritation and pain while urinating, consistent pain in genitals, blood discharge at some times, difficulty while urinating and feeling like urinating all the time and urgency of urination. These symptoms indicate the problem in the urinary tract. Common Male Urology Problems are Classified as:
Urology Problem 1 – Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
Non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. BPH causes difficulty in urinating and the symptoms include need to urinate often especially during night hours. BPH can be treated with medications and in extreme cases surgery becomes necessary.
Urology Problem 2 – Prostatitis
Non-cancerous inflammation of the prostate. Symptoms of prostatitis are back pain, fever chills and pain in genitals while urinating. Prostatitis can be treated with antibiotics but in severe cases surgery becomes necessary.
Urology Problem 3 -Infertility
Inability to conceive after unprotected intercourse. A urology specialist should be consulted for this problem in case infertility persists after medication.
Urology Problem 4 – Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer symptoms include pain or burning sensation while urinating and high frequency of urination. Prostate cancer can be treated with active observation, radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy, interstitial radiation implants (brachytherapy), cryoablation, androgen deprivation therapy, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and focal therapy.
Urology Problem 5 -Testosterone Deficiency
Testosterone deficiency occurs if a man fails to produce enough testosterone. The Testosterone is the most important male sex hormone in men and plays a key role in reproductive and sexual function. Deficiency of testosterone can be congenital or acquired and may lead to erectile dysfunction and muscle and bone degeneration. When testosterone levels are lower, a man can experience loss of sex drive and depression.
Urology Problem 6 – Incontinence
Also known as involuntary urination, Incontinence is uncontrolled leakage of urine. It is a common and distressing problem which may have a large impact on quality of life.
Urology Problem 7 -Erectile Dysfunction
In this condition, a man is not able to perform sexual activities as he fails to keep the erection for long enough. Erectile dysfunction is usually caused by conditions like diabetes, alcohol abuse, kidney problems and neurological disease among other problems. Medication may be given to affected men to treat erectile dysfunction and in case it does not work, surgery can be done to correct the problem.
Urology Problem 8 -Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Tract Infection or UTI occurs due to bacterial infection in the man’s urinary tract usually in the bladder area. Symptoms include frequent urination, strong urge to urinate and have a burning sensation while urinating. The infection can spread to kidneys if not treated in time. The patient could suffer from nausea, back pain, fever, chills and vomiting. Increase in fluid intake can treat the problem to a large extent. UTI patients are often treated with antibiotics.
In case of any of the above symptoms related to urology problems, one should consult a urologist for the right diagnosis and timely treatment of the diseases.