Proton therapy is considered to be the most progressive radiation treatment for many types of cancer. It is the most advanced of available in the medical science ways of delivering radiation to malignant neoplasms.
Proton therapy is considered to be the most progressive radiation treatment for many types of cancer. It is the most advanced of available in the medical science ways of delivering radiation to malignant neoplasms. The unique characteristics of protons’ interaction with the human tissues allow delivering curative doses of radiation along with reducing irradiation of healthy tissues. This results in fewer side effects and complications than the standard radiation therapy has.
How does this treatment work?
Fundamentally, all human cells are made up of atoms that form molecules. Every atom consists from the nucleus in the center and negatively charged electrons around it. Protons have the positive charge. Passing by, protons attract the negatively charged electrons and pull them out of their normal orbits. This process is called ionization.
Ionization damages molecules inside the cells, which is especially important in case of DNA. Damaged DNA loses ability to divide, so cells stop proliferating. Beyond all doubt, the repair process takes place in damaged cells. Malignant cell’s ability to repair DNA is frequently inferior. Thus, they are destroyed more often, while healthy cells survive.
All types of radiation therapy employ this mechanism of action. Advantage of the proton therapy is explained by ability of protons to deposit energy slowly as they travel through healthy tissues towards the malignant neoplasm and then deposit the majority of radiation directly into the tumor. In addition, protons do not travel further through the organism. This reduces significantly the unwanted side effects and complications.
Types of oncology treated with proton therapy
Proton therapy is mainly used for treating neoplasms that are located near vitally important body parts and have not spread to distant organs. These include brain tumor, malignant tumour of the spinal cord, etc. Proton beam therapy is actively applied in children because it is connected with lower risk of affecting healthy, growing tissue. Children typically receive such therapy for malignancies of the brain and spinal cord, retinoblastoma and orbital rhabdomyosarcoma.
Proton therapy is among treatment options for the following malignancies:
- Central nervous system tumors, including chondrosarcoma, chordoma, and malignant meningioma.
- Head and neck tumors, including nasopharyngeal malformations, nasal cavity and paranasal sinus tumors.
- Benign brain tumors.
- Eye cancer, including choroidal melanoma and uveal melanoma.
- Liver cancer.
- Lung cancer.
- Prostate cancer.
- Spinal and pelvic sarcomas (bone and soft-tissue ones).
Proton therapy abroad with Booking Health
Planning proton therapy, it is not always possible to find relevant healthcare institution in your native country. In such cases Booking Health will help with undergoing proton therapy in the world’s leading hospitals. Booking Health is the company with the international ISO quality control certification in the field of medical tourism that offers:
- Choosing the right university hospital or proton therapy center.
- Preparing the diagnostic and therapeutic medical program in advance.
- Establishing communication with the selected physician.
- Booking the closest appointment.
- Monitoring implementation of medical program.
- Help in buying medicines, if necessary.
- Providing favorable costs for medical services, without overpricing (saving up to 50%).
- Control of the final calculation and return of unspent funds.
- Communication with the healthcare institution after therapy completion.
- Organization of additional examinations, repeated treatment course, or rehabilitation.
- Booking accommodation and plane tickets, transfer organization, services of interpreter.